Fossil fuel use
Management of the use of fossil fuels, impacting among other things on climate change, air pollution, energy availability and human health
Management of fresh water use in water-scarce areas, impacting among other things on water availability, water quality, health and food production
Land conversion management especially for agricultural purposes, impacting on climate change, biodiversity loss, and water flows but also local communities and inequalities.
Chemicals and waste management
Management of toxic and long-lived chemical substances and waste and plastics, impacting on the environment and human health.
Social capital management
Actions to maintain the licence to operate on which companies and countries depend, impacting on human rights, community relations, social equity and access and affordability of, for instance, healthcare and finance.
Human capital management
Activities related to labour and union rights, employee health & safety and labour practices, impacting on educational opportunities and on income and gender inequality.
Organisational behaviour and integrity
Actions to create an ethical business environment, impacting on community networks, justice and work conditions. For companies, this refers to their own business model, but also to how they treat companies upstream and downstream in their value chain. For countries this refers to how they govern human, civic and political rights.